Introduction to Bird Nest

What is Bird Nest???

Introduction to Bird's Nest

Bird's nest refers to the nests of swiftlets, normally made in spring. When the swiftlet is making its nest, it produces gelatinous saliva which turns into a translucent, ivory-colored substance. This is the main component of bird's nest.

燕窝简介

燕窝是金丝燕的巢穴,每逢的春季开始,金丝燕就开始制窝。同时,它的口腔内会分泌出一种胶质的唾液,干后变成半透明而略带浅黄的物质,这便是燕窝主要的成分。
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There are two main types of bird’s nest in the market - the cave nest and the house nest.

Cave Nest

The cave nest refers to nests constructed in caves and on cliffs. As the cave nest is built in caves, they are harder and contain more impurities. Due to lack of regulation of harvesting activities, the ecological environment of the swiftlet is being destroyed and this has stirred up much controversy among environmental activists. As such, the production of cave nests is decreasing. Due to the steep terrain of the caves which makes the collection of cave nests difficult and dangerous, the price of cave nests is relatively higher.


House Nest

House nests are nests that are built on swiftlet farms. The main differences between the two types of bird's nest is the nesting environment, hence the bird's nest produced is also different. While the living habits of the swiftlets do not change, where they fly off early in the morning for food and return in the evening, the quality of the bird's nest produced is different due to the differences in the nesting environment. If the design of the swiftlet farm is appropriate, coupled with good management and a clean environment, the bird's nest produced contains fewer impurities and is better in quality. House nests are usually harvested on a regular basis, thus the nutrients in the bird's nest is maintained.

The formation of swiftlet farms is to protect the natural habitat of the swiftlet, and at the same time to meet market demands for bird's nest. Swiftlet farms are designed based on the ecological habits of the swiftlet where audio equipment is used to lure them into the farm, where their natural habitat is preserved. In this way, the swiftlet is being protected and thus increasing in numbers, preserving them from extinction caused by environmental pollution. Normally, swiftlets leave the farm to forage in the morning and return in the evening to roost. In principle, the swiftlet farm is just a breeding place for the swiftlets as they are able to source for food by themselves.

市面上主要有两种燕窝,即洞燕和屋燕。

洞燕

洞燕是燕子在山洞、沿海峭壁筑的巢。由于筑在洞穴里,洞燕比较坚硬且较多的杂质。有的洞燕因无序的滥采,导致燕子生态环境受到破坏,环保分子也纷纷挺立声援停止泛滥采摘,产量逐渐稀少。由于山洞地势险峻,采摘工作艰难危险,因此洞燕的价格比较高。

屋燕

屋燕是燕子在特别设计的燕屋里所筑的巢。两者的重要差异的筑巢的环境不同,所生产的燕窝也因而不同。虽然金丝燕的生活习性没有变化,燕子仍是清晨自由外出觅食,傍晚归来,但所生产的燕窝品质会因筑巢环境而产生差异。如果燕屋的设计良好,管理清洁完善,所生产的燕窝杂质较少,品质较高。屋燕通常定期被采摘,保留了丰富的营养,产量也比较多。



屋燕的形成是为了保护金丝燕生态习性和环境,同时供应市场对燕窝的需求。燕屋是为金丝燕生态习性而设,靠音响设备引燕入屋,没有破坏大自然的生态规律。金丝燕在人为保护之下日渐增加,挽救了金丝燕因环境污染而面临绝种的危机。由于金丝燕由自寻觅食的本能,早出晚归,原理上,屋燕达到保育的效果。


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The construction of the swiftlet farm is divided into 5 main elements - environment, building materials, temperature, design and audio equipment:燕屋建设主要因素可分为:环境、建材、温度、设计及诱燕声备:

NUMIT BIRD NEST FARMING at TAIPING, PERAK

NUMIT BIRD NEST FARMING at TAIPING, PERAK

The environment of the swiftlet farm

A beautiful environment plays a role in the quality of the bird's nest. The ideal place to construct a swiftlet farm is in green areas that are far away from the city. 

Swiftlets are just like human, in that they like to live in a peaceful and pleasing environment. When swiftlets are able to source for their own food within a conducive environment, they are more likely to produce high quality bird’s nest. 

Conversely, if the environment of the swiftlet farm is deficient, the quality of the bird’s nest produced is equally low?

燕屋建设环境

燕屋内的设计是需要经过计算其飞行路线,所以如果燕屋内设计的金丝燕飞行路线不适合金丝燕的习性,那将会导致金丝燕飞行误撞阻碍物而死亡,所以燕屋内的设计是需要经过高精准度的计算及良好的飞行路线规划。


NUMIT BIRD NEST FARMING at TAIPING, PERAK
The building materials and temperature of the swiftlet farm

Swiftlets like a cool, airy environment. Hence, the building materials used must have good heat insulation. The most suitable temperature lies between 26-29°C which is similar to the temperature of the swiftlet cave.

燕屋建筑材料与温度

C燕子喜欢清凉通风的环境,所以在建筑材料方面一定要着重于隔热和保冷的功能。燕屋最佳温度是在于26–29度最为标准,宛如洞谷内的温度。




NUMIT BIRD NEST FARMING at TAIPING, PERAK

The design of the swiftlet farm

Before designing a swiftlet farm, the flight-path of the swiftlet has to be taken into consideration. A large-scale flying space is conducive for population growth of the swiftlets.

If the design of the flight-path is not suitable for swiftlet habits, they may hit obstructions unintentionally and die. Therefore, the internal layout design of the swiftlet farm requires high accuracy of calculation and careful planning of the flight-path.

燕屋设计

设计燕屋之前需要精密的计算燕子的飞行路线,大规模的飞行空间有助于燕子数量的增加。

如果燕屋内设计的飞行路线不适合金丝燕的习性,将会导致金丝燕飞行时误撞阻碍物而死亡,所以燕屋内的设计需要经过高精准度的计算及良好的飞行路线规划。

NUMIT BIRD NEST FARMING at TAIPING, PERAK

NUMIT BIRD NEST FARMING at TAIPING, PERAK
The audio equipment of the swiftlet farm

Playing appropriate swiftlet calls is the basic technical criteria to attract swiftlets into theswiftlet farm. Identifying swiftlets chirping is a specialized knowledge. 

Generally, the chirping of the swiftlet is high-pitched. When the swiftlet has yet to learn to fly, its chirping is gentle; the mature swiftlet’s chirping is clear and sharp, while the chirping sound prior to mating goes from medium to high pitch. We have engaged specialists to install speakers and audio systems around our swiftlet farms to play various swiftlet vocalizations continuously in order to attract swiftlets to breed their next generation there.

燕屋诱燕声备

播放恰当的诱燕声备是燕屋成功引燕入内筑巢的基础技术条件。

识别金丝燕的鸣叫声是一种高深的学问,金丝燕叫鸣声偏高音尖声;小燕还未学飞前叫声平和;至于已经会叫的燕子所发出的啼鸣声非常清脆;而雌雄正要交配前的鸣叫声则是高中音节奏。我们通过专人装置扩音器和声频系统在燕屋周围,连接不断地播放燕鸣声以吸引成群的燕子到燕屋筑巢繁殖下一代。
马来西亚地处热带,气候稳定,郊区有大量的森林、油棕园与果园,提供了良好的栖息环境给燕子生长,也促进了马来西亚燕窝企业的发展与进步。

*Please drop us an e-mail or call us for your inquiry at:
seiko.q@numit.com.my / + 6017 656 3436 (CJ) 
cleng_liew@numit.com.my / + 6012 479 6862 (Celene)

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